The National Archives Organizes a Book Signing Ceremony of the Book Zayed Ruler of Al Ain at the Sharjah International Book Fair 2015

The National Archives Organizes a Book Signing Ceremony of the Book Zayed Ruler of Al Ain at the Sharjah International Book Fair 2015

The National Archives Organizes a Book Signing Ceremony of the Book Zayed Ruler of Al Ain at the Sharjah International Book Fair 2015


The National Archives of the United Arab Emirates organized a book signing ceremony for one of its latest publications, the book Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Ruler of Al Ain 1946-1966, which deals with an important phase in the history of the United Arab Emirates. The ceremony was held at the N.A.’s pavilion in the 34th Sharjah International Book Fair.
About the signing, H.E. Majid Al Mehairi, the National Archives’ Executive Director, said that, “Historical documents confirm that Sheikh Zayed took the reins of Al Ain city amid harsh circumstances in all fields. However, with his wisdom and vision, he strived to organize his society and to build relations with the neighbors. Zayed’s policy in Al Ain led to enhancing Abu Dhabi’s influence in the region. His tenure in al Ain heralded the emergence of a wise leader and politician of high caliper who earned all hearts”.
H.E. added that the N.A. scheduled the release of this historical study at this time to take advantage of the huge cultural event of Sharjah International Book Fair in order to reach a broad audience. The N.A. proceeded according to its usual strategy of providing researchers and those interested with accurate documented information and in line with safeguarding and documenting the memory of the nation. This book came as an addition to the several books and studies issued in recognition of the faithful philanthropists spearheaded by the most faithful and most giving Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan and his fellow founding fathers as well as the nation’s great leaders who followed his footsteps and maintained the advancement of the United Arab Emirates. 
At the book signing ceremony, H.E. said, “I would like to thank the author of the book Mr. Yousef Abdulrahman Mohammed Al Harmoudi, who shed light on some of Zayed’s achievements and deeds. He also highlighted an important phase in his patriarchal leadership as he was determined to establish a modern state that reaped what Sheikh Zayed had sowed and which we enjoy today.
The book informs about the geography of the Al Ain and identifies its inhabitants of the Arab tribes such as the Bani Yas tribe, which is a tribal confederation made up of 16 clans or tribes led by Al Nahyan of the Al Bu Falah. These clans are Al Bu Falah, Al Bufalasah, Al Bumher, Alsudan, Alremeithat, Alqubeisat, Alhuamil, Almjalibh, Almaharbah, Almurar, Almazariah, Aalqemzan, Al Buamim, including Almshaqain and Al Bouhmir. Other sections of Bani Yas also include Al Boualkheil, Alspice, and Alkhmara.
There were also other tribes allied with Bani Yas such as Alahbab, Alwamer, and Almanaseer, which are divided into three sections: Al Bumndhir, Al Burhama, and Al Buchar. There are also some of their allies such as Al Zawahir, which has sections including Aldramkah, Al Ali Bin Said, Al Shabib, Alsharashira, Alnawaser, Alhazazemh, Yal Saad, Ahal Annan, Al khamaseen, Alkanud, Al Arar, Al Mutaweah, and Almashaalh, Al Hawadeth, Aljebahina, and Alkwytat, Albrauma, Allahahim, Aldlamkah, Ahl Alkakhakha, Alshrayna, Almatarish, and Alneyadat. Some of the tribes of the region are Bani Qatb, Bani Kaab and Al Naeem.
The book refers to the large number of castles and forts at Al Ain and to the secrets behind the attention the region dedicates to this type of buildings. Furthermore, the book lists the villages of Al Ain area, namely Al Ain, Al Muwaiji, Al Muatarid, Al Jimi, Al Qattara, Al Jahili, Al Hili, Merajib, and Al Masoudi.
The book shows that Al Ain Museum contains a brief account of the historical periods the city and its villages lived through in the ancient history. It also confirms the boom Al Ain experienced during the Islamic civilization, and its wide trade relations with the neighboring areas. Then, it deals with Al Ain area in modern history, all the way to the era of Sheikh Zayed Bin Khalifa, who adopted a special strategy for Al Ain in which he left its administration the tribes.
The book tells about Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan: That his father Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed Bin Khalifa ruled Abu Dhabi between 1922 and 1926, and peace was restored during his reign, and the mother of Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan was Sheikha Salama Bint Butti Bin Khadim Bin Nhiman of Alqubeisat, which is a tribe of the Bani Yas confederation. This tribe is divided into sub sections, the most important of them is Al Nhiman, the section from which Sheikha Salama descended. Sheikha Salama played a main role in bringing together views, and the achievement of tribal understanding at that early era of the history of Abu Dhabi.
The debates and dialogues in the social gathering (majlises) as well as his family members have shaped his patriarchal character and leadership. Perhaps the long years Sheikh Zayed spent in Al Ain had enriched his experience in the affairs of Abu Dhabi and Al Ain with smallest details of life that his advice and guidance became essential and indispensable in all matters relating to the region.
The book consists of three chapters. The first chapter is about Sheikh Zayed’s administration of Al Ain, which began in 1946. He was well aware of the region’s affairs and its sons’ circumstances. The fact that he grew up among the tribes enabled him to have a deep understanding of their policies and that qualified him to follow a new method in administering Al Ain region as he adopted a decentralization style designating the roles to the regions’ sons so they bear responsibility of its administration. When he realized the agricultural importance of Al Ain he strived to develop the agricultural sector by adopting three priorities: digging new aflaj (water channels), repairing and restoring the old aflaj, expanding the cultivation area and fixing the irrigation system. Sheikh Zayed was interested in afforesting Al Ain area, and devising an integrated agricultural plan that embodies his vision. When he realized that the development of the region lies in the sector of education, he paid a great attention to it, thus education witnessed huge progress in Al Ain region. His concerns included also health, trade, and the construction of roads and transport networks.
The second chapter is about Sheikh Zayed’s policy concerning Al Ain tribes. He sought to bridge the gaps in the tribes’ points of view so that Al Ain region could enjoy stability and security. He has his own ways in containment of tribes and he was interested in addressing the several issues and conflicts that erupted between the tribes. He followed varied methods to contain the tribes and extend his influence. It was noticeable that he preferred to use the carrot rather than the stick when dealing with the tribes sometimes. He followed a fatherly approach, spent money to achieve justice and equality, and dealt in a balanced manner with all the tribal forces in the region. He was able to have close relations with tribal leaders because of his humility, simplicity and informality.
The last chapter deals with Sheikh Zayed’s relations with Al Ain neighbors. It shed light on his relations with the neighboring emirates, which were known as Trucial States, and it demonstrated his wisdom in solving the borders conflicts. The book contained several historical documents relevant to the book chapters in addition to maps, charts, and pictures that document the late Sheikh Zayed’s interest in Al Ain Region and its development.
Book title: Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Ruler of Al Ain (1946-1966)
Author: Youssef Abdulrahman Mohammed Al Harmoudi
Publisher: The National Archives, 2014, First Edition, 137 pages