The National Archives Issues the 15th edition of Liwa, the Refereed Journal

The National Archives Issues the 15th edition of Liwa, the Refereed Journal

The National Archives Issues the 15th edition of Liwa, the Refereed Journal
UNESCO Memory of the World, Al Sakoob Journey, Henna and Hotels are among its main topics

The National Archives issued the 15th edition of Liwa, the biannual refereed Journal, which deals with the history, heritage and archelogy of the UAE and the Arabian Gulf region.
The new edition of Liwa journal started with a topic translated from English to Arabic about Henna as one of the most noticeable and decorative traditional elements. However, the henna patterns common today are quite different to the traditional designs of the past. The research done by and Michele C. Ziolkowski and Abdulla S. Al-Sharqi explains the way of getting Henna and provides ethnographic information about Henna and the methods of use. The second research in the journal is about “Hospitality Industry in the Trucial States”. It shows that hotel construction has always been associated with tourist sites. However, in the region of the Emirates, economic development in the second half of the 20th century resulted in an influx of visitors, official delegations, businessmen and oil company personnel, to some of the Trucial States at that time. The economic development, which started in Dubai at the beginning of the 20th century, made Dubai a commercial hub. As a result, Dubai regularly hosted larger commercial steamers which greatly augmented its income, and together with the then prosperous pearl industry, made Dubai an attractive destination for traders. This research, which was done by Aisha Saeed Al Qaydi, highlights the beginning of the hotels sector in the region during the period (1932-1971). The research is divided into three topics: I. Hotels of Sharjah, II. Hotels of Dubai and III. Hotels of Abu Dhabi and the other Trucial states. The research is divided based on the chronological order of hotels establishment in the region. The research concluded that hotels sector in the Trucial States had gone through two periods. In each period, hotels were established for a specific purpose. In the first period, hotels were established at the beginning to accommodate visitors who used to come to the region, while in the second period hotels were established for commercial purposes.
The third research in Liwa journal is about the journey of Hamad Bin Abdulla Al Sakoob to Socotra Island in 1949. The journey was curious and interesting. This journey and the like live only in the talks and memories of the old Nokhadas, sailors, and adventurers. The research was published in a series of articles in newspapers. However, most of these memories were forgotten with the passing away of their heroes.
 Al Sakoob journey was interesting because of the risks and horrors he confronted on board the ship when it was rocked by the waves. The dairies give a good picture of the hard times and suffering the sailors in the Gulf in general and in the UAE in particular go through during their sea voyages in pursuit of source of revenue.
Ali Mohammed Al Matroushi, the research writer reviews Al Sakoob’s language, aspects of personality and the journey’s manuscript and how did he obtain it. The journal published pages of Al Sakoob handwritten manuscript of the journey and its revised text.
Dr. Sameer Abdul-Rasoul Al Obaidi’s in his comments on “Reading a Book” in the book: “Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan and His Role in Arab Politics (1971-2004)” by Siba Husain Mawla said that recent studies emphasize the role of individuals in making history. In that context, this academic study had to search and investigate one of the most important figures that played a prominent role in establishing the UAE and then developing it in a later stage. Achievements at the internal level coincided with a wise foreign policy at both the Arab and international levels. Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004) who made a significant impact in the UAE’s history and had constructive attitudes towards different Arab issues geared this policy. The reading reviewed the book content in elaboration.
In English, the research of David Fricker’s was about the UNESCO Memory of the World Program  points out to the huge amount of information in our world and emphasizes the importance of information preserved in the archives. The Memory of the World Program aims at preserving the international historical documents, which have a great importance to the human heritage.
The English edition includes the research: “Henna: An Ethnographical Approach”, and the English translation of the research: “A Historical Overview of the Rise and Development of the Hospitality Industry in the Trucial States (1932-1971)”.